Inhumanity and Animal Cruelty in India



As Abraham Lincoln has well said it, “I am in support of animal rights as well as human rights. That is the process of a whole human being.” In India though, many do not think in the same way. Examples of cruelty and inhumanity towards animals are on the rise and what’s being done to stop it? Various laws in India were established to safeguard from animal cruelty and prevent cruelty towards them, but only a few are aware of what they are and how they work.

In India, it is a common sight to see crudely castrated bulls pulling carts full of huge loads and constantly whipped if it stops on the way. People are hitting stones at dogs and cats out of fun and how to ignore, all the ‘taming’ competitions, fights and cart races where animals such as cows, bulls, and hens are used as if they are just playful objects. In this world of modernization and development, people are slowly losing their ethos and morals not only towards each other but these innocent animals as well.

To put an end to animal cruelty, the Central government has passed many laws, the most excellent being the “The Prevention of Cruelty Animals Act, 1960”.

Besides this, there is the “Wildlife Protection Act, 1972” as well which was made for the security of animal species and plants.


The Prevention of Cruelty Animals Act, 1960

The following has been called as the methods of cruelty towards creatures under the Prevention of Cruelty Animals Act, 1960.


Methods of Animal cruelty:

  1. Beating, Kicking, Over-riding, Over-driving, Over-loading, Torturing, Causing unnecessary pain or suffering to animals;
  2. Employing an animal which, because of its age or other illness, unlikely to be so employed and still making it labour or work or for any other purpose;
  3. Willfully and unreasonably administering any injurious drug or harmful element;
  4. Conveying or moving, either in or upon any vehicle in such a manner as to reduce it to useless hurt or suffering;
  5. Keeping or restricting animal in cage or receptacle, which does not include sufficiently in height, length and breadth to allow the animal a reasonable chance for change;
  6. Keeping for an unreasonable time any animal chained or tethered against an unreasonably massive chain or chord;
  7. Being the proprietor neglects to exercise or cause to be used reasonably any dog habitually chained up or kept in close custody;
  8. Being the titleholder of any creatures fails to give such animal with sufficient drink, food or shelter;
  9. Being the owner, without sound cause, abandons any animal in circumstances, which render it likely that it will suffer pain because of starvation or desire;
  10. Willfully authorizes any animal, of that he is the keeper to go at large on any road while the animal is affected with an  infectious disease, or without sound excuse allows any sick or disabled animal, of which he is the owner, to die on any road;
  11. Offers for sale or without reasonable reason has in his possession any animal which is suffering pain because of mutilation, starvation, thirst, overcrowding or other ill-treatment
  12. Mutilates any animal or kills animal (including stray dogs) by using the method of strychnine injections in the heart or any other needlessly cruel practice;
  13. Solely with a look to render entertainment
  14. Organizes uses, keeps  or acts in the control of any place for pet fighting or for the intention of baiting animals or offers place to be so used or accepts money for the entry of any other person to any place kept or used for  such purposes;
  15. Takes part in shooting event or competition wherein animals are released from captivity for the purpose of such shooting.


Cruel Treatment of Animals is a Criminal Offence

When Animal Cruelty is inflicted in any of the ways defined in Prevention of Cruelty Animals Act, 1960. Then, the offender is likely to pay the penalty which can extend to Rs 50. In case, the second offence has done within three years of the first crime then, the person will get a penalty of not less than Rs 25 but which can reach to Rs 100 or with the custody for a term which may increase to 3 months or with both.


Wildlife Protection Act, 1972

This demonstration is meant for the security of wild creatures and fowls. Some classifications protect the interests of the creatures.

  • It diminishes the reduction of animals, by Section 39 of the Wildlife Protection Act there is a severe disallowance on any damage to the creatures and the penalty is discussed in section 51 of the act.
  • There is a prohibition on keeping any bird of India under the act. If anybody wishes to keep a lawful feathered creature, he demands to consent uniquely with the Section 11 i.e. the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1956.
  • Police powers: Section 50 of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 allows a cop to capture any person without a warrant.
  • Monkeys can’t be exposed or controlled, and are secured under the Wildlife Protection Act too.


Real Difficulties Persist

There are several issues related to cruelty towards animals in India. They are:

Cosmetic Testing: Now and afterwards, a huge number of creatures are harmed and slaughtered in brutal and cold blooded tests that endeavor to examine the severe impacts of customer items and their adjustments. To quantify harmful outcomes, unique creatures like mice, rabbits, guinea pigs and many animals are forced to breathe in large amounts of a test substance. Indeed, even after it has happened that tests on creatures remain unequipped for assuming the after effects of human skin and body and the accessibility of testing techniques without the utilization of creatures, there is a repetition of such coldhearted manner. However, as a help to creatures and the every living creature’s common sense entitlement activists, the Center has received the tenets that force and across the nation prohibition on testing beautifiers on the creature. The boycott came after the opinions of the Bureau of Indian Standard were updated. In any situation, the law has various zones of which there are many escape clauses like the boycott is unfinished as in the import of creature tried items is as yet legitimate, as there’s a need for a law that will furthermore disallow the deal and import of creature tried things.


The government has a powerful ability, i.e., if the disciplines for such sorts of offence can be made stricter, then the general community won’t savagely murder innocent animals.

In 2011, the Prevention of Animal Cruelty is changed and renamed as Indian Animal Welfare Act. Notwithstanding such a large quantity of laws, the drive will just come when people work together with all living creature’s common sense entitlement bodies and organizations and endeavours to ad lib the pitiable state of creatures. Aside from this, legislature and non-government organizations can find a way to amend the framework.

Another recommendation to enhance the structure is to set up and grow the Society for restrictions to Animal Cruelty which is an NGO that can work in each nation independently with no impedance of the country. There is furthermore a need to ensure that the State Animal Welfare Board runs appropriately because in various nations there is no such board and where there is one it hasn’t met for a significant length of time.

These little changes by several gatherings and partners can improve the condition of animals in India, and there would be no mercilessness of any kind accessible to our general public.


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